Carl Vine was born in Perth, Western Australia. He studied Physics, then Composition at the University of Western Australia, before moving to Sydney in 1975, where he worked as a freelance pianist and composer with a variety of theatre and dance companies, and ensembles.
Vine first came to prominence in Australia as a composer of music for dance, with 25 dance scores to his credit. His catalogue includes seven symphonies, seven concertos, music for film, television and theatre, electronic music and numerous chamber works. Although primarily a composer of modern 'classical' music he has undertaken tasks as diverse as arranging the Australian National Anthem and writing music for the 1996 Atlanta Olympics closing ceremony 'Sydney 2000' presentation.
Since 2000, Vine has been the Artistic Director of Musica Viva Australia, the world's largest entrepreneur of chamber music. In 2005, he was awarded the Don Banks Music Award, the highest accolade the Australia Council for the Arts can confer on a musician.
Vine is now based in Sydney, where he works as a freelance composer. Since 2006, he has also been the Artistic Director of the Huntington Estate Music Festival.